Judaísmo e cristianismo em Elisa Lispector e em Clarice Lispector: testemunho e vestígio

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Jeronimo, Thiago Cavalcante
Alvarez, Aurora Gedra Ruiz
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Pereira, Helena Bonito Couto
Ferreira, João Cesário Leonel
Gotlib, Nádia Battela
Iannace, Ricardo
This thesis investigates productions and testimonies by Elisa Lispector and Clarice Lispector related to Jewish and Christian themes. The methodological orientation of this work goes through the examination of the authors' production, as well as the bibliographic research of their respective critical fortunes, guided by theoretical foundations related to the issues of literary theory. Structured in seven chapters, preceded by introduction and followed by final considerations, this investigation has the objective to clarify possible features of a testimonial aspect to Judaism, conditioned to Elisa, and of a writing limited to vestiges of the same religious component attributed to Clarice. Here, it is interpreted that Elisa raises her production by highlighting Jewish particularities in her characters and, to a certain extent, inserting, in the textual materiality, some degree of prejudice in relation to Christianity; On the contrary, Clarice demarcates Jewish traits in her production, erasing Judaism in many ways as a model of faith or life, while tonifying an accentuated dialogue with the evangelistic figures. Through this understanding, the reading hypothesis of this study is based on a comparative perspective linked to a writing of Jewish themes. In the case of the authors, Elisa and Clarice, the first recognizes herself as Jewish, and there is a textual explicit and equally relevant dynamic in her bookkeeping. Elisa, in a conscious decision, assumes the condition of being a Jew as a relevant part of her literary creation. Differently, Clarice takes herself away, in her work, from this nomenclature and situation. Based on the comparison between the writers 'texts, therefore, it is proposed to investigate disparate aspects of the authors' production with respect to the religious themes. Therefore, the specific objectives are to analyze how Elisa Lispector appropriates her Jewish tradition to materialize her characters, as well as how Clarice Lispector criticizes the same themes. The results obtained indicate that Clarice detaches herself from Judaism in her writing and she silences it in her experience; conversely, Elisa witnesses this condition explicitly and intentionally. Interpretation unfolded by the analyzes referring to the treatment that the sisters evoke in their productions about Christianity. Elisa rejects the Christian theme in her production, and Clarice welcomes it, however she does it with such acute criticism. Among the theorists who support the interpretations extended in this work analyzes, there is the remarkable contribution of Amós Oz and Faina Oz-Salberger, Berta Waldman, Carlos Mendes de Sousa, Edward Said, Frederico Lourenço, Mikhail Bakhtin, Nádia Battella Gotlib, Regina Igel and Sholomo Sand.
Elisa Lispector , Clarice Lispector , judaísmo , cristianismo , literatura comparada
Assuntos Scopus
JERONIMO, Thiago Cavalcante. Judaísmo e cristianismo em Elisa Lispector e em Clarice Lispector: testemunho e vestígio. 2020. 249 f. Tese (Doutorado em Letras) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, 2020.