Impacto de um modelo de capacitação sobre sinais precoces de autismo para profissionais da atenção básica de saúde

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Ranalli, Nadia Maria Giaretta
Teixeira, Maria Cristina Triguero Veloz
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Paula, Cristiane Silvestre de
Ribeiro, Wagner Silva
Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento
The Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by persistent deficits in communication, social interaction, repetitive and restricted patterns of behaviors, interests. Early diagnosis indicates that the first signals must be traced between 18 and 24 months of age. Health professionals who work specifically in primary care need to be trained so they can act with theoretical base and security on the referral of the child with behavior and/or development atypical, which are indicative of suspected ASD. The objectives of the study were to assess changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices of Primary Health Care professionals on developmental milestones and signs due to a training course and evaluate the participants' satisfaction with the training course, especially the potential of use in their work context. This present project was an exploratory experimental type with pre, post and follow-up measures with a convenience sample of 55 Basic Health Units professionals, whom provide primary care services in Itatiba. The study divided into four phases: (1) Pre -training evaluation, (2) Training course (3) post-training evaluation, and (4) Follow-up assessment. Results: considering that the study aimed to determine changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices after training on early signs of autism spectrum disorder on the involved professionals, the dimension that has proved to be more sensitive to training was the knowledge. However in attitudes and practical dimensions the statistical power of the sample showed no such sensitivity. Conclusion: The study found the best impacts of the training course on the dimension of knowledge. Since the initial part/1} of the study, there were high percentages of expected responses for the children referrals practices in the presence of any change likely to ASD. This data shows some degree of sensitization in the group for identification of early signs of ASD and other neurodevelopmental disorders.
transtorno do espectro autista , atenção básica , profissionais da saúde , capacitação
RANALLI, Nadia Maria Giaretta. Impacto de um modelo de capacitação sobre sinais precoces de autismo para profissionais da atenção básica de saúde. 2017. 94 f. Dissertação( Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo.