A possibilidade de realização extrajudicial de procedimentos de jurisdição voluntaria com a presença de menores e incapazes

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Frontini, Ana Paula
Menezes, Daniel Francisco Nagao
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Masso, Fabiano Dolenc Del
Barbosa, Cassio Modenesi
Direito Político e Econômico
Voluntary Jurisdiction refers to a special form of State activity, carried out by judicial or administrative bodies, which exercise public functions of homologation and legal stabilization, in consensual situations regarding private matters. In Brazil, since 2007, inventories and divorces can already be carried out extrajudicially, by means of public deed, before notaries (Law 11.441/2007 and Resolution 35/2007 by the National Council of Justice). However, if there are minors or incapacitates involved in these procedures, the Civil Procedure Code still determines that they must be carried out exclusively by the courts, before judges (Articles 610 and 733 of Federal Law 13.105/2015). In a scenario of high judicialization, in which a constant appeal to the Judiciary makes it overloaded with functions and too time consuming, the objective of this work is to study the rationale and pertinence of the maintenance of the current legal rule, once the State protection and supervision of the best interest of the minor, institutionally attributed to the Public Prosecution Service, could also be carried out extrajudicially, in cooperation with the notaries. The research, conducted by the systematic review method, included reflections on topics such as Neoconstitutionalism, Economic Analysis of Law, Jurimetrics and management model of public administration, to conclude that, currently, the exclusive maintenance in the Judiciary when there is no controversy, that is, which have no jurisdictional nature, only by virtue of tradition, ultimately compromises the constitutional principles of balance among State powers, access to justice, reasonable length of judicial proceedings and efficiency. The adoption of non-bureaucratic public policies, allowing citizens to choose between voluntary or extrajudicial voluntary jurisdiction is possible through alteration in ordinary legislation. Changes in public policies regarding such matters are also desirable, provided they are performed with accountability and respect to constitutional guarantees, through procedures bound by the principles of Notarial Law, contributing to the social and economic development of the country, and strengthening of the Democratic State of Law.
jurisdição voluntária , inventário , menores , tabelião
FRONTINI, Ana Paula. A possibilidade de realização extrajudicial de procedimentos de jurisdição voluntaria com a presença de menores e incapazes. 2018. 132 f. Dissertação (Direito Político e Econômico) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo.