Ninguém fala assim!: idealização e realidade na representação da fala espontânea

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Goulart , Felipe Vivian
Neves , Maria Helena de Moura
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Hilgert, José Gaston
Batista, Ronaldo de Oliveira
Camacho, Roberto Gomes
Urbano, Hudinilson
Over the last few decades, the study of spoken language has provided the scientific community with a solid and meticulous description of the way oral communication works (Preti, 2003, 2011; Preti e Urbano, 1990; Leite e Callou, 2002; Chafe, 1980, 1994; Ilari e Neves, 2008; Sacks et al., 1974). This particular branch of Linguistics has gathered a large amount of data related to the phonetic, morphosyntactic and discourse specificities of spoken language, which indicates the existence of a gap between the way people think they speak and the way they actually speak. This database seems to enable the task of selecting a linguistic variety and verifying to which degree it resembles (or differs from) actual spontaneous speech as described by linguists. This is precisely what this investigation aims to accomplish, and the varieties selected for comparison with spontaneous speech are: (i) the language spoken in movies, soap operas and the like, that is, the language of audiovisual fiction; (ii) the language spoken on the television sketch Teste de Fidelidade (Fidelity Test), which is supposedly not scripted. With the Iboruna sample as our main reference of real, spontaneous, non-monitored (or barely monitored) speech, we aim to determine the degree to which supposed representations of spontaneous speech actually represent it, and, consequently, to acquire clues as to which traits give away the artificiality of scripted speech. The investigation is predominantly directed at three aspects of (potential) discrepancies between natural and scripted speech: the minutiae of information flow, the frequency and distribution of structural disfluencies (hesitations and interruptions), and the frequency and distribution of competitive overlap. The results confirm the existence of significant differences between the varieties in all three aspects.
língua espontânea , língua roteirizada , descontinuidades , disputa por turno , fluxo de informação
GOULART, Felipe Vivian. Ninguém fala assim!: idealização e realidade na representação da fala espontânea. 2019. 88 f. Tese (Doutorado em Letras) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo, 2019.