De operário a supervisor: a aprendizagem das competências gerenciais no setor da construção civil

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Ferreira, Jane Helena Irizawa Dias
Brunstein, Janette
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Godoy, Arilda Schmidt
Lacombe, Beatriz Maria Braga
Oliva, Eduardo de Camargo
Administração de Empresas
Managerial performance and its competences has been a frequent subject in academic literature, despite of the fact that the majority of the researches are approached by strategic levels of performance. This study emphasizes the operational management in the civil construction sector represented by the construction supervisors, remarkably known by their great experience and tacit knowledge of the productive processes. These supervisors, who have similar academic background comparing to the operational workers, have developed managerial competences that enabled them to mobilize big teams towards the defined objectives, in accordance with standards and cultural organizational values. However, there are peculiarities that differentiate civil construction sector from the others in the production industry, and that directly interfere in the professional development process. The main peculiarity refers to the mobility of the production site. In the civil construction sector, the finished product is delivered and the company withdraws from the production site. In other industries, instead, it is the product itself that leaves and the production site remains static. Other characteristic is the disruption of the productive process flow that needs to be started up each new enterprise and generally with construction workers hired locally. It highlights the importance of the supervisor, the man in charge of these workers and considered by them a legitimate organizational representative. Previous studies in this sector have shown that some years of experience will be necessary so as to go through the supervision level. Much of the knowledge and improvement of the main operations is generated by the operational teams and the supervisor acts as a catalyst of this process. So, the accumulated experience derived from knowing how to do seems to be restricted to few professionals in this level of supervision. The situation brings about the difficulty in hiring supervisors in the market and reinforces the importance of providing professional development for the function in the workplace. It also reinforces the need to consider new forms of development due to the mobility of the production site. Therefore the objective of this study was to analyze how the transition from construction worker to supervisor occurs, investigating the learning process of managerial competences. A qualitative case study was carried through in a great company in the civil sector, where supervisors and managers allocated in different enterprises and regions were interviewed. The analysis of the research findings was based on experiential learning theories, considering individual and organizational factors that can interfere in the process and in the acquisition of competences. The identification of competences in the construction supervisors were analyzed according to Zarifian s dimensions: a) taking initiatives and assuming responsibilities; b) practical understanding based on acquired knowledge; c) mobilizing the network of actors; and d) sharing implications and assuming responsibilities. This study contributed to the identification of experiences and nontraditional learning actions in the workplace, in order to develop competences that can accelerate the supervisor s learning process and to minimize the difficulties inherent in the sector.
aprendizagem pela experiência , competências , gerência operacional , construção civil , experiential learning , competencies , operational management , civil construction
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FERREIRA, Jane Helena Irizawa Dias. De operário a supervisor: a aprendizagem das competências gerenciais no setor da construção civil. 2008. 191 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Administração) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, SP, 2008.