Síndrome de down: habilidades manuais e desempenho funcional

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Souza, Aline Bernardes de
Assis, Silvana Maria Blascovi de
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Vianna, Denise Loureiro
Caromano, Fátima Aparecida
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Down syndrome (DS) is the most common and ancient genetic disorder linked to an intellectual disability that has many characteristics and clinical conditions. Among the worst affected areas have language, gross motor control and cognition. The manual skills are important for educational development and for the functional independence of the individual. Previous research has demonstrated a possible correlation between low hand grip and manual dexterity in these individuals and their influence on the manipulation of objects when compared to normal subjects. From this knowledge, we attempted to verify through this research a possible correlation between manual dexterity, grip strength, anthropometry of the hand and their functional performance. To this end, participants were 35 children and young people with DS and 35 without the syndrome, which comprised the control group, all 7 years and 6 months to 14 years, which were grouped into three age groups: 1 (7 years and 6 months to 8 years), 2 (9 to 11 years) and 3 (12 to 14 years). Manual dexterity was assessed by the Box and Block Test and the O'Connor Finger Dexterity Test. Grip strength was measured by Jamar ®, anthropometry by the length and width of the hand with a caliper of long nails and performances by the Inventory Valuation PEDI. The grip strength and manual dexterity were assessed three times, being used as his best result since the survey. The O'Connor Finger Dexterity Test was taken by the research does not show the appropriate population with DS. The results of the control group were higher than the group with DS in all tests. The statistical correlation between the variables showed that the SD group there is a positive and linear relationship between the grip strength and manual dexterity, the width of your hand and manual dexterity, the length and width of your hand and grip strength, the area of self-care (PEDI) and grip strength and length manual. We conclude that the individual with DS presents: late growth of the hand, changes in grip strength with age, manual dexterity less and constant across the age groups studied and functional performance lagged. It is suggested that further research be done using a larger sample in order to have an overview of the performance of manual and the verification of other variables that might interfere with this performance. And that is done a clinical study to evaluate the relationship of improvement in grip strength with the other variables studied.
Síndrome de Down , antropometria , destreza motora , força da mão , atividades cotidianas , Down syndrome , anthropometry , motor skills , hand strength , activities of daily living