Efficacy of rTMS in decreasing postnatal depression symptoms: A systematic review

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Psychiatry Research
Citações (Scopus)
Ganho-Avila A.
Poleszczyk A.
Mohamed M.M.A.
Osorio A.
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© 2019 Elsevier B.V.Background: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) has been suggested as an alternative treatment to postnatal depression (PPD). Objectives: This systematic review aims to examine and summarise evidence on rTMS efficacy in treating depression during the postnatal period. Methods: We included randomized and non-randomized, single arm, and case report studies, with active rTMS and theta-burst stimulation, sham rTMS, pharmacotherapy or no treatment as comparators. Participants included women with PPD, who were administered rTMS after delivery and up to 12 months postpartum. The observed outcomes were response rate and acceptability. Results: rTMS shows promising results, with clinically significant decreases in Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores at week 4 and an overall low risk of dropout. Limitations: The reduced number of reports, the lack of complete datasets and the serious/high risk of bias of the studies warrant cautious interpretations. Conclusions and implications: Despite the promising results, existing evidence on rTMS efficacy is limited, and questions remain on what the most beneficial stimulation parameters should be. Future multicentre randomized clinical trials are needed to better ascertain the clinical efficacy of rTMS in the treatment of depression in the postpartum period.
Assuntos Scopus
Depression, Postpartum , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation , Treatment Outcome
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