Associação entre uso de mídias eletrônicas e problemas de atenção em crianças de 7 a 11 anos durante a pandemia da covid-19

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Moreira, Thais Soares
Rocha, Marina Monzani da
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León, Camila Barbosa Riccardi
Assis, Silvana Maria Blascovi de
Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento
Electronic media are present in all activities and environments frequented by children and raise concern about the impact that time of use generates on child care, especially due to the speed of feedback and reinforcement schemes that TV, tablets and computers generally use. feature. The present study sought to verify the association between attention problems and the time of using different types of electronic media during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study was performed with data collection using digital media (cell phones, tablets, TV and computer). The link for filling out the form was posted on social networks, such as Facebook and Instagram, as well as Whatsapp messages for potential participants, during the period from June 10, 2020 to August 10, 2020. In total, 431 responsible persons indicated who agreed to participate. However, 129 were excluded when the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied (which considered duplication of data, diagnoses of neurodevelopmental disorders and compliance with suggestions for social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic). The final sample consisted of 277 responsible for children aged 7 to 11 years, who answered three questionnaires: 1) Sociodemographic data sheet; 2) Use of Electronic Devices - Parent Form; 3) Inventory of Child and Adolescent Behaviors (Child Behavior Checklist - CBCL / 6-18). The analyzes were performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 22.0), with p <0.05 as the significance level. Time spent playing games with adult content, playing electronic games in general and watching videos on Youtube or other channels was positively correlated with attention problems, while time with electronic media for school activities was negatively correlated with attention problems. More harmful correlations were found with attention problems for the girls sample than for the boys. Such results indicate that the time of media use, in itself, is not the only variable that needs to be controlled by those responsible, but also the activity performed, or what is the content accessed. The difference found in the comparison between boys and girls makes us reflect on the identification of issues related to attention in both sexes. Although it is not possible to identify the directionality of the relationships found, it is concluded that there is a need for special attention to girls who use electronics with high frequency in this pandemic period, in which the use of electronics is widespread in all contexts, in order to prevent attention problems from impairing your development in different activities. The results should be used as a support for guidance to parents, teachers, pediatricians and other professionals who work directly in caring for children regarding the use of electronic media
mídias eletrônicas , problemas de atenção , crianças , covid-19
Assuntos Scopus
MOREIRA, Thais Soares. Associação entre uso de mídias eletrônicas e problemas de atenção em crianças de 7 a 11 anos durante a pandemia da covid-19. 2021. 59 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo, 2021.