Multisensory Stimulation Improves Cognition and Behavior in Adult Male Rats Born to LT4-treated Thyroidectomized Dams

Tipo
Artigo
Data de publicação
2022
Periódico
Endocrinology (United States)
Citações (Scopus)
2
Autores
Batistuzzo A.
De Almeida G.G.
Bras T.S.
Zucato V.P.
Arnold A.J.T.
Giannocco G.
Sato J.M.
Yamanouchi L.M.
Dias E.
Lorena F.B.
Do Nascimento B.P.P.
Bianco A.C.
Ribeiro M.O.
Orientador
Título da Revista
ISSN da Revista
Título de Volume
Membros da banca
Programa
Resumo
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Endocrine Society. All rights reserved. Gestational hypothyroidism can impair development, cognition, and mood. Here, we tested whether multisensory stimulation (MS) improves the phenotype of rats born to surgically thyroidectomized (Tx) dams suboptimally treated with LT4. 8-week-old female Tx Wistar rats were kept on daily LT4 (0.7 μg/100 g body weight) dosed by gavage (serum TSH and T4 levels indicated moderate hypothyroidism) and 3 weeks later placed for breeding. MS of the litter started at age 60 days and lasted for 8 weeks. It consisted of twice per week of physical, cognitive, sensorial, and food stimuli. The offspring were assessed before and after MS for standardized tests of locomotor activity, cognition, and mood. Gestational hypothyroidism resulted in reduced litter size and increased offspring mortality. The pups exhibited delayed physical development, impairment of short- A nd long-term memory, and anxiety- A nd depressive-like behaviors. Nonetheless, ambulatory activity, social memory, and social preference were not affected by gestational hypothyroidism. MS restored short-term memory and anxiety while improving depressive like-behaviors. MS did not improve long-term memory. MS also did not modify the performance of control litter born to intact dams. We conclude that cognition and mood impairments caused by moderate gestational hypothyroidism were reversed or minimized in rats through MS. Further studies should define the molecular mechanisms involved.
Descrição
Palavras-chave
Assuntos Scopus
Animals , Cognition , Female , Hypothyroidism , Male , Parturition , Pregnancy , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Thyroxine
Citação
DOI (Texto completo)