Desenvolvimento e avaliação de um guia de atividade física para melhoria das condições de saúde de pessoas com Síndrome de Prader-Willi

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Amaro, Alexandre Slowetzky
Carreiro, Luiz Renato Rodrigues
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Teixeira, Maria Cristina Trigueiro Veloz
Araújo, Marcos Vinícius de
Rodrigues, Graciele Massoli
Massa, Marcelo
Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento
Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is a genetic anomaly resulting from the absence of gene expression of parental chromosome 15 (11.2q-13q) in a region controlled by a genomic imprinting. PWS is the genetic syndrome most commonly associated with obesity, because they do not develop the sensation of satiety which leads to the constant search for food (hyperphagic behavior). PWS is also marked by intellectual disability, deficits in executive functions, emotional and behavioral problems. Given the lack of information about PWS in Brazil and informative material that helps parents and professionals in the management of the syndrome, mainly for physical activity practices, the present thesis was composed of two studies: Study 1: it had as objective to conduct a survey about health condition of PWS population in Brazil and Study 2: developed and evaluated a guide and a physical activity program to improve the health conditions of people with PWS. forty people responsible for persons with PWS participated in the study. They were recruited from care associations for people with disabilities in Brazil. For this phase of the research, the following inventories were used: Sociodemographic questionnaire, Brief problem monitor (BPM-P 6/18), World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-Brief), Medical History and Exercise [QHME], Nutrition Screen and Intake Form (NSIF) and Parental Survey (PS). In Study 2, two children whose parents received the physical activity program took part with their parents with the supervision of a physical education teacher for four weeks. Before the beginning, the participants answered the aforementioned questionnaires and the children with PWS were evaluated by: Anthropometric measurements, Physical Fitness Assessment Battery (PROESP-BR) and Evaluation of Cardiac Autonomic Activity through Heart Rate Variability (HRV)), 6/18 Child Behavior Check List (CBCL 6/18), and Wechsler Short Intelligence Scale (WASI). As result, it was verified in study 1 that most of the participants were over the weight recommendation and the biggest health problems were the comorbidities obesity associated; fractures and scoliosis prevalence and medicine used were similar in other researches; the behavior problems such as tantrums, excessive crying, angry were typical from syndrome and; few participants were treated with growth hormone. The Study 2 the orientation guide and physical activity program for PWS were assessed as comprehension easily, although the participant A get less adherence that participant B
síndrome de Prader-Willi , atividade física , condições de saúde
AMARO, Alexandre Slowetzky. Desenvolvimento e avaliação de um guia de atividade física para melhoria das condições de saúde de pessoas com Síndrome de Prader-Willi. 2017. 130 f. Tese( Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo .