O controle social como instrumento para efetivação da cidadania no Brasil: um estudo a partir das redes Observatório Social do Brasil (OSB) e Amigos Associados de Ribeirão Bonito (AMARRIBO)
Viana, Heliete Rodrigues
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Giannattasio, Arthur Roberto Capella
Alarcon, Pietro de Jesus
Alarcon, Pietro de Jesus
Direito Político e Econômico
The present research aimed to investigate the form of control of public administration conceived as social control through a study of multiple cases, as it has been developed in the Brazilian State after the promulgation of the Constitution of 1988. Social Observatory of Brazil (OSB) and Friends of Ribeirão Bonito Associates (AMARRIBO Brazil) were the nongovernmental organizations and networks of control and supervision of public management which were chosen for the case study. The case study involved a qualitative and descriptive analysis of the actions developed by both civil society organizations, selected by their contribution to the strengthening of social control in our country, which enabled a more comprehensive basis for study. The main techniques used for the collecting of the study data were the use of documentary sources, semi-structured interviews with those who played a key role in the study and observations, aided by the analysis of the contents obtained by the incursion into the entities websites. The study was based on the analysis of the constitutional and infra-constitutional discipline about the possibilities of exercising social control, in contrast to bibliographical and jurisprudential research on the subject. The research theoretical framework was obtained by the analysis of contemporary theories about democracy and social participation, highlighting the role and initiatives of the social sphere that is called civil society, as well as the theoretical foundations of the public administration control, seeking possible answers to the problems of the research, from a critical analysis. It was found that the studied organizations seek to develop practices consistent with the statutory objectives through their voluntary actions, but endowed with high professionalism, finding limits only on the small number of social actors involved and on available financial resources. The case study also made it possible to see that the Brazilian legal system provides skilled instruments to allow the exercise of the right to participation and social control, lacking, however, on the one hand the urgent implementation by the entities and their responsible public officials and on the other, the interests of the holders of these rights, the citizens, individually and collectively, to require those rights and exercise them.
democracia , cidadania , controle social , accountability
Viana, Heliete Rodrigues. O controle social como instrumento para efetivação da cidadania no Brasil: um estudo a partir das redes Observatório Social do Brasil (OSB) e Amigos Associados de Ribeirão Bonito (AMARRIBO). 2016. 263 f. Dissertação( Direito Político e Econômico) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo.