O privilégio branco sistêmico, as normas raciais e a manifestação do racismo estrutural : a perspectiva de líderes organizacionais

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Samaha, Marcos Baruki
Hanashiro, Darcy Mitiko Mori
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Teixeira, Maria Luisa Mendes
Coelho Júnior, Pedro Jaime de
Quintão, Antônia Aparecida
Souza, Eloisio Moulin de
Administração de Empresas
Racism is a structure of oppression rooted in the social formation of Brazilians, given the economic importance of slavery, which lasted for 349 years. In spite of the fact that it was extinguished more than a century ago, it is still reflected in the serious problem of racial inequality in the country. The social and economic conditions of blacks in the country are the worst in all statistics on education, health, housing, employment, income, violence and mortality. Between 2001 and 2015, the rare presence of black executives in 500 companies analyzed by the Ethos Institute varied from 4.8% to 5.8%. The disproportionality between whites and blacks in organizational leadership has not evolved for decades. There is a normalization and legitimization of historical, cultural, institutional and interpersonal dynamics, which give advantages to the white population, while perpetuating disadvantages for the black population. In view of that scenario, it is necessary to analyze the factors that impact the social dynamics. There is a gap in the literature related to systemic white privilege and the implicit racial norms in the work environment, seen as barriers to the advancement of blacks in organizations. The general objective of the thesis is to understand the manifestation of structural racism, through systemic white privilege and racial norms in business organizations, by analyzing the discourse of leaders. The investigation is founded on Critical Race Theory and on Fairclough's Critical Discourse Analysis. Fourteen in-depth interviews were conducted with organizational leaders, men and women, whites and blacks. The implicit racial norms and the systemic white privilege perpetuate the inequality originated in Structural Racism, in a complex and multidimensional system that is fed, sustained and justified by normalized ideologies of meritocracy and color-blindness. The awareness of structural racism is observed in different leaders, in a wide spectrum that goes from explicit racism to unconscious negationism, including omission, inefficiency and gradualism. Leaders make the decisions and influence the decisions of their subordinates. The subjectivity of recruitment and professional assessment processes and practices allows for racial norms to affect decisions regarding hiring and promotion. Diversity and racial inclusion projects are few, and the few that exist are gradual, with results expected only for the long-term. These factors negatively impact access to work and careers for black Brazilian professionals.
privilégio branco sistêmico , normas raciais , racismo estrutural , análise crítica do discurso
SAMAHA, Marcos Baruki. O privilégio branco sistêmico, as normas raciais e a manifestação do racismo estrutural : a perspectiva de líderes organizacionais. 2021. 239 f. Tese (Doutorado em Administração de Empresas) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo. 2021.