Association of Ang-(1–7) and des-Arg9BK as new biomarkers of obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents

Tipo
Artigo
Data de publicação
2021
Periódico
Hypertension Research
Citações (Scopus)
10
Autores
Fernandes F.B.
Fernandes A.B.
Febba A.C.S.
Leite A.P.O.
Leite C.A.
Vitalle M.S.S.
Jung F.F.
Casarini D.E.
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Resumo
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The Japanese Society of Hypertension.Children with obesity have a high risk of developing cardiovascular disease and hypertension, which is associated with the renin–angiotensin system (RAS) activation and kallikrein–kinin system (KKS) inactivation. Although recent studies have identified several peptide-based biomarkers for obesity, circulating peptides from the RAS and KKS in adolescents with obesity have not been described. The aim of this study was to examine circulating levels of RAS and KKS peptides in adolescents with obesity to investigate the turnover of these peptides and their relationship to metabolic disorders resulting from weight gain. The subjects (n = 104) were divided into normal weight (NW), overweight (OW), obese (OB), and morbidly obese (MO) groups. Anthropometric profiles were created by measuring height, weight, blood pressure, and skinfolds. Plasma levels of Ang I, II, (1–7), BK, and des-Arg9BK were quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography. The levels were as follows: Ang-(1–7)—MO 58.3 ± 50, OB 223.2 ± 150, OW 318.6 ± 190, NW 479.1 ± 160 pmol/mL, and Bradykinin (BK)—MO 367.6 ± 103, OB 253.8 ± 130, OW 484 ± 279, NW 874.9 ± 385 pmol/mL. Ang-(1–7) correlated inversely with weight, body mass index, leptin, diastolic blood pressure, and systolic blood pressure. BK and Ang-(1–7) levels correlated inversely with skinfolds, waist-hip ratio (WHR), leptin, and arm circumference. BK levels correlated with adiponectin and Ang-(1–7) levels. Plasma Ang I levels were higher in the MO and OB groups than in the NW group, but plasma Ang II levels were similar in all groups. We suggest that Ang-(1–7) and des-Arg9BK metabolites are novel biomarkers of childhood obesity that are important for determining treatment strategies.
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Assuntos Scopus
Adolescent , Biomarkers , Bradykinin , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors , Child , Humans , Obesity, Morbid , Pediatric Obesity
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