Inclusão social e escolar de pessoas com deficiência visual: estudo sobre a importância do brinquedo e do brincar

Siaulys, Mara Olimpia de Campos
Mazzotta, Marcos José da Silveira
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D´antino, Maria Eloisa Famá
Motta, Lívia Maria Villela de Mello
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This research seeks to verify the importance of toys and playing for the development and inclusion of children with visual impairment. The researcher´s involvement in the field of visual impairment began with the birth of her youngest child, who is congenitally blind, and continued with voluntary work and eventually the founding of Laramara Brazilian Association for Assistance to People with Visual. In educating her daughter, she used playing and toys, which encourage interaction and promote learning. Her preoccupation with her daughter s education motivated her to seek special education training at the University of São Paulo and to later work in the field. She developed playing activities and special toys and sought to share these ideas with families, introducing similar strategies at Laramara. She is a follower of Vygotsky s social-historical and cultural ideas, which emphasize social interaction and cultural instruments among them toys as determining factors for children s development. To respond to children s needs, she created special toys currently a total of 109 that are accessible to all Brazilian children through the publication Brincar para Todos (Playing for All), which shows how to construct and use them. The issues researched are: what is the role of playing and of specialized toys for the learning, development and inclusion of people with visual impairment? The goals were to verify the importance of specialized toys for the development of youths who used them in their infancy and to learn how families viewed playing as a mediating tool in their children s development. The methods used were qualitative ethnographic research, participative observation, in-depth interviewing, video documentation and document analysis. Five young men and women who participated in the researcher´s work when they were very young and who continue receiving services at the organization were interviewed. Also included in the research were five mothers of young children who are involved in toy and play-related projects at Laramara. The results show that the youths value the playing and the specialized toys for their learning and for their mainstream educational and social inclusion. Parents highlight the importance of the openness of the institutional area and its stimulating atmosphere as well as the specialized toys and playing activities, which are essential for the development and social inclusion of their children.
brincar , brinquedos especiais , deficiência visual , inclusão escolar e social , playing , specialized toys , visual impairment , mainstream educational and social inclusion
SIAULYS, Mara Olimpia de Campos. Social and mainstream educational inclusion of people with visual impairment: a study on the importance of toys and playing. 2006. 174 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Psicologia) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo, 2006.