Surgical management of foramen magnum meningiomas

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Neurosurgical Review
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Borba L.A.B.
De Oliveira J.G.
Giudicissi-Filho M.
Colli B.O.
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The objective of the study is to describe our experience in the surgical management of foramen magnum meningiomas with regard to the clinical- radiological findings, the surgical approach and the outcomes after mid-term follow up. Over a 5-year period, 15 patients presenting with meningiomas of the foramen magnum underwent surgical treatment. The medical records were reviewed in order to analyze the clinical-radiological aspects, as well as the surgical approach and the outcomes. Based on the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging exams, the tumors were classified as anterior or anterolateral in the axial slices and clivospinal or spinoclival in the sagittal slices. The lateral approach was used in all cases. However, the extent of bone removal and the management of the vertebral artery were tailored to each patient. Fourteen patients were females, and one was male, ranging in age from 42 to 74 years (mean 55,9 years). The occipital condyle was partially removed in eight patients, and in seven patients, removal was not necessary. Total removal of the tumor was achieved in 12 patients, subtotal in two, and partial resection in one patient. Postoperative complications occurred in two patients. Follow-up ranged from 6 to 56 months (mean 23.6 months).There was no surgical mortality in this series. The extent of the surgical approach to foramen magnum meningiomas must be based on the main point of dural attachment and tailored individually case-by-case. The differentiation between the clivospinal and spinoclival types, as well as anterior and anterolateral types, is crucial for the neurosurgical planning of foramen magnum meningiomas. © 2008 Springer-Verlag.
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