Photodegradation of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)

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Polymer Degradation and Stability
Citações (Scopus)
Sadi R.K.
Fechine G.J.M.
Demarquette N.R.
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The effect of ultraviolet radiation on the properties of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) was studied. The PHB investigated is produced from microbial fermentation using saccharose from sugarcane as the carbon source to the bacteria. The material was exposed to artificial UV-A radiation for 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks. The photodegradation effect was followed by changes of molecular weight, of chemical and crystalline structures, of thermal, morphological, optical and mechanical properties, as well as of biodegradability. The experimental results showed that PHB undergoes both chain scission and crosslinking reactions, but the continuous decrease in its mechanical properties and the low amount of gel content upon UV exposure indicated that the scission reactions were predominant. Molar mass, melting temperature and crystallinity measurements for two layers of PHB samples with different depth suggested that the material has a strong degradation profile, which was attributed to its dark colour that restricted the transmission of light. Previous photodegradation initially delayed PHB biodegradability, due to the superficial increase in crystallinity seen with UV exposure. The possible reactions taking place during PHB photodegradation were presented and discussed in terms of the infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. A reference peak (internal standard) in the infrared spectra was proposed for PHB photodegradation.© 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Assuntos Scopus
Carbon source , Chain scission , Crosslinking reaction , Crystalline structure , Crystallinities , Crystallinity measurements , Degradation profiles , Gel contents , Infrared spectrum , Internal standards , Melting temperatures , Microbial fermentation , Optical and mechanical properties , PHB , Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) , Polyhydroxybutyrate , Scission reactions , Two layers , UV , UV exposure , UVA radiation