Becoming an entrepreneur in the cooperation and poverty contexts

Data de publicação
Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies
Citações (Scopus)
Batista Freitag M.S.
Borges de Carvalho J.
Camargo Filho A.
Arantes F.P.
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© 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited.Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate how the process of becoming an entrepreneur in the cooperation and poverty contexts takes place. Design/methodology/approach: This study adopted a phenomenological approach for data collection purposes. Autoscopy, which is a methodological device of reflective nature, was herein applied to a group of interlocutors comprising seven representatives of waste pickers’ cooperatives (RC). Data analysis focused on defining the meaning of participants’ speech was conducted in compliance with Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis guidelines. Findings: The current findings have shown that becoming a representative of cooperatives involves mobilization toward empowerment and a sense of collectively doing on behalf of community interests. Moreover, these RCs become entrepreneurs in the poverty context, as they perceive opportunities, are persistent and take risks pursuing alternatives for both the survival and improvement of theirs own living conditions, and of others. Research limitations/implications: Adopting a reflective approach associated with an ontology of becoming could have led to deeper results if the current research was a longitudinal study, rather than a cross-sectional one. Practical implications: Training programs provided for waste pickers should take into consideration that their learning process is mainly based on practice. Social implications: Behaviors disclosed by participants toward fostering collective and entrepreneurial actions in the poverty context may be an inspiration for future changes. Originality/value: The methodological option for adopting a reflective approach resulted in a contribution device that is barely applied to research in the management field; thus, the current investigation can introduce a new pathway for further research.
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