A apropriação dos conceitos de martírio (narrativa de karbala) e jihad pelo Hezbollah e a questão da violência como forma de resistência

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Luz, Flávia Abud
Coutinho, Suzana Ramos
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Bitun, Ricardo
Cherem, Youssef Alvarenga
Ciências da Religião
The martyrdom of Hussein and his companions at Karbala, Iraq, was a major turning point in Islamic history in order to draw the religious doctrine and Shiite identity, a fact that highlighted the differences (primarily political) between Sunni and Shiite. The narrative of the event, evoking the ideas of suffering, compassion, justice and even sacrifice for a greater good, throughout history overlaid as a political tone and became part of critical speeches on politics, social and economic aspects, directed at the “external enemies”, such as imperialism, or within, such as local leaders pressures. In the lebanese context the reading of Karbala‟s narrative and the martyrdom of Imam Hussein as made from 1960s by Musa Al-Sadr and later by Ayatollah Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah rescued the revolutionary and political potential of Karbala‟s narrative by presenting the Imam‟s martyrdom as an act of courage and religiosity that had as one of the objectives to defy a political order perceived as oppressive and deviant of Islamic values (such as justice). From the experience of process such as conflicts between Shiite communities in southern Lebanon and soldiers of Palestinian armed resistance, incursions by Israel‟s defense forces into the country (1978 and 1982) and the intensification of the Lebanese civil war (1975-1990), that a militant shiite discourse articulated in the interaction of the concepts of martyrdom, jihad and resistance was forged, sought space and adherents among shiites and manifested through Hezbollah, a self-declared resistance movement that took advantage of the use of violence against foreign targets (Israel‟s defense forces) and their internal allies in Lebanon, such Southern Lebanese Army. This research sought to investigate the link between the interpretation of Shiite doctrine, especially the founding aspects of the aforementioned division of Islam, such as martyrdom (mainly Karbala‟s narrative) and jihad, and Hezbollah‟s activities in Lebanese territory since its inception in 1978 until 2009, when the party participated in the governmental dialogue aimed of stabilizing Lebanon after the political crisis established in 2005, agreed to participate in the cabinet and published a new manifesto.
narrativa de Karbala , jihad , xiismo libanês , violência
Assuntos Scopus
Luz, Flávia Abud. A apropriação dos conceitos de martírio (narrativa de karbala) e jihad pelo Hezbollah e a questão da violência como forma de resistência. 2018. 175 f. Dissertação (Ciências da Religião) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo.