O ético-moral em Santo Agostinho

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Carvalho, Eduardo
Bitun, Ricardo
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Lopes, Cristiano Camilo
Farjado, Maxwell Pinheiro
Ciências da Religião
The dissertation researches the ethical-moral in St. Augustine and how he develops his theory from the themes that challenged him. We begin our journey by the very proposal that moves the bishop of Hippo, that is, the attempt to understand the problem of evil in a metaphysical-ontological perspective: "What is the origin of evil?" Or "why are we evil?" A long and arduous journey that will culminate in the ethicalmoral issue, or moral evil. We start from the life of this thinker trying to show his cultural, academic, familiar and religious formation and that influenced him in this way. The biographical part is a presupposition to construct its passages by the philosophy, Manichaeism and Christianity. He reads Cicero and feels impelled to seek Wisdom and Truth, approaches Manichaeism by answering the metaphysicalontological problem of evil, breaks with the Manichaeans, and constructs a new interpretation for the problem of ontological evil with ethical-moral implications with the support and influence of the Neoplatonic philosophy and the theologians of Milan. From then on, the whole construction is to show that man needs to live well, but for this he must have a life based on the right divine order. All that God created is good, but evil, the sin of the first man who transgressed the right divine order, broke with the hierarchy of this right divine order. In this way, the Beatitude of man can only be found in God and for this he must be healed of sin by divine grace. Only when this happens that man can live according to the hierarchy of the right divine order, even though he still lives within a temporal world, he passes on to understand and practice love as the foundation of his ethical-moral. This love is not simply to love anyway, but it is to love according to what God Himself has established. There is a hierarchy established by the divine and the ethical-moral living of man must be governed by this principle. Love is the foundation of ethical-moral in Augustine.
ético-moral , mal , amor , beatitude
CARVALHO, Eduardo. O ético-moral em Santo Agostinho. 2018. 98 f. Dissertação ( Ciências da Religião) - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo .