New public-key authentication watermarking for JBIG2 resistant to parity attacks

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Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
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Pamboukian S.V.D.
Kim H.Y.
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An authentication watermark is a hidden data inserted into an image that allows detecting any alteration made in the image. AWTs (Authentication Watermarking Techniques) normally make use of secret- or public-key cryptographic cipher to compute the authentication signature of the image, and inserts it into the image itself. Many previous public-key AWTs for uncompressed binary images can be attacked by an image adulterating technique named "parity attack." JBIG2 is an international standard for compressing bi-level images (both lossy and lossless). The creation of secure AWTs for compressed binary images is an important practical problem. However, it seems that no AWT for JBIG2 resistant to parity attacks has ever been proposed. This paper proposes a new data-hiding method to embed information in the text region of JBIG2 files. Then, we use this technique to design a new AWT for JBIG2-encoded images resistant to parity attacks. Both the secret- and public-key versions of the proposed AWT are completely immune against parity attacks. Moreover, watermarked images are visually pleasant, without visible salt and pepper noise. Image authenticity verification can be performed in either JBIG2 file itself or in the binary image obtained by decoding the JBIG2 file. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005.
Assuntos Scopus
Authentication watermark , Binary images , Image adulterating technique , Parity attacks
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