Interaction between mothers and pre-term infants and mood changes: A comparison between the Kangaroo Mother Method and those observed on a visit to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Interação mãe-bebê pré-termo e mudança no estado de humor: Comparação do Método Mãe-Canguru com visita na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal

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Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil
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Cruvinel F.G.
De Macedo E.C.
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Objective: to assess changes in the subjective state of mood of mothers of pre-term babies, comparing different kinds of mother-infant interaction: the Kangaroo Mother Method (KMM) and those observed on a visit to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Methods: the Visual Analogue Mood Scale was used with 60 mothers divided into two groups: mothers included in the Kangaroo Program (KG) and mothers with a baby on an incubator (IG). The groups were matched for the mothers' age, number of pregnancies and kind of delivery. The mothers were evaluated before and after a visit to the baby on an incubator or a KMM session. Results: it was found that KG mothers were in a better mood, reporting that they felt calmer, stronger, more clear-headed, more agile, dynamic, satisfied, at ease, perceptive, relaxed, considerate, competent, happy and friendly. The IG mothers showed no positive variation in mood state but a negative variation for feeling clumsy. Conclusions: the Kangaroo Mother Method was shown to be efficient in improving the mood state of mothers of pre-term babies, thereby helping to minimize the negative effects of neonatal hospitalization.
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