The supply of safe beef in Brazil: A discussion about the efficacy of the traceability system implemented in the production chain

dc.contributor.authorFurquim N.R.
dc.description.abstract© 2018 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.Problems related to food safety, associated to animal health, such as the avian flu and the mad cow disease (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy-BSE), have gained prominence since the decade of 1990 and influenced not only the perception of consumers about the quality of animal based food products, but also the international trade policies in several countries. To meet the requirements of countries that started to demand traceability in the food production chains, in 2002, Brazil developed and implemented the Brazilian System for the Identification and Certification of Bovine and Bubaline Origin-SISBOV-a system for monitoring the production chain as a whole, with mandatory accession for cattle ranchers exporting to countries with that requirement. Therefore, in this complex institutional environment, it is worth investigating the opinion of the economic agents involved in the beef production chain in Brazil about the effectiveness of SISBOV. A study was conducted based on the application of the qualitative and quantitative methodology of the Discourse of the Collective Subject (DCS), which allows identifying consensus about a theme or phenomenon based on the responses of a group of individuals. The following groups of economic actors involved in the cattle activity were intentionally defined for a nationwide survey, which constituted a nonprobabilistic, convenience sample, by spontaneous adhesion: cattle ranchers, slaughterhouses members of the Brazilian Association of Meat Exporting Industries (ABIEC); companies certifying cattle ranches for export; associations and class entities directly related to actors in the beef production chain; Brazilian government agencies focused on food inspection and control. The study has evaluated the beef production chain actors' opinion about SISBOV efficacy. For that purpose, the methodology of the Discourse of the Collective Subject (DCS) was applied to a sample of 34 actors of the production chain. From the interviews conducted for the study it was evidenced that there is resistance to accession to the traceability system mainly because of the significant investments required from cattle ranchers, with neither guarantee of overprice for the traced cattle nor financial return. Respondents indicated that the system is targeted only at markets requiring traceability; it is subject to the influences of international trade and political agreements, besides being ineffective due to regulatory failures. Those aspects demonstrate the dissatisfaction of the players in this market in relation to the expectations they had about SISBOV. Respondents also criticize government coordination, considered inefficient and with structural deficiencies in the control and regulatory services. From the perspective of possible benefits brought by SISBOV, comments are made about its contribution for more effective management of herds and ranches in the case of accession. Comments from the respondents suggest that they expected that SISBOV would promote coordinated actions among all elements of the meat agribusiness chain. Thus, the proposal of greater articulation among the members of the productive chain of bovine meat in the country arises, including the government at all levels, to address improvements and adjustments to the SISBOV design, promoting the coordination of all links within the production chain.
dc.relation.ispartofBeef: Production and Management Practices
dc.rightsAcesso Restrito
dc.subject.otherlanguageFood safety
dc.subject.otherlanguageProduction chain
dc.subject.otherlanguageTraceability system
dc.titleThe supply of safe beef in Brazil: A discussion about the efficacy of the traceability system implemented in the production chain
dc.typeCapítulo de livro
local.scopus.subjectBovine spongiform encephalopathy
local.scopus.subjectEffective management
local.scopus.subjectInternational trade policy
local.scopus.subjectProduction chain
local.scopus.subjectQuantitative methodology
local.scopus.subjectRegulatory services
local.scopus.subjectTraceability systems