Environmental assessment in concrete industries

Data de publicação
Journal of Cleaner Production
Citações (Scopus)
Monteiro N.B.R.
Moita Neto J.M.
da Silva E.A.
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© 2021 Elsevier LtdConcrete is a material used in civil construction applied to several works, which makes it one of the most consumed products in the world. Concrete companies generate environmental negative impacts, which need to be studied to assess their extension and find ways to mitigate them. In this work, the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was used to measure the impact of concrete production. Primary data (amount of cement, gravel, sand, energy, water, additives) were collected in three concrete industries located in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil, and data from the Ecoinvent 3.7.1 database (transport, solid waste, liquid effluents, particulate matter) were also used. For the analysis, two methods of Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) were used, CML (baseline) and ReCiPe Midpoint (H) to compare the concrete performance, given these different methodologies, especially regarding the coverage (regional/global) of their impact categories. The results of the categories selected for analysis were quite close for the two methods, except for human toxicity carcinogenic and freshwater ecotoxicity. This similarity indicates that both methods are appropriate for LCA studies in Brazil. Furthermore, the similarity with the values found in the literature shows consistency for LCA calculation, since an expressive amount of Brazilian primary data was used, generating reliable information to guide decision making. For the human toxicity, the findings become relevant for new studies to compare the potential impacts of this category on concrete production, since no surveys were found for this category with the same perspective of this research. The processes that most contributed to the impacts were the production of cement, activated silica, and the destination/treatment of waste. The sensitivity analysis has shown a potential impacts reduction for all CML categories specially on the abiotic depletion (mineral), reaching a 67% reduction. The suppliers’ choice becomes a strategy to reduce the impact on the ozone depletion and global warming categories since reducing the distances, the impact with gaseous emissions decreases. These considerations refer only to the dimensions of sustainable development.
Assuntos Scopus
Civil constructions , Concrete companies , Concrete productions , Concrete. , Environmental assessment , Gravel sands , Human toxicity , Life cycle. , Potential impacts , Primary data
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