Pseudoboehmite or graphene oxide, what is the best additive for natural polymer pla - Poly (l-lactic acid)?

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Materials Research Express
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Almeida F.J.M.
Massi M.
Miranda L.F.
Lima B.L.S.
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© 2021 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd.In cases of severe injuries or burns, skin grafts (scaffold) are often necessary skin substitutes. To not harm the patient or the donor, research is necessary to search for heterografts, that are formed by biomaterials and are also biodegradable and bioabsorbable to the human body, as is the case with poly (L-lactic acid) - PLA. However, the natural polymers placed on the skin suffer great degradation in media with large amounts of carbon and water, have little durability due to their low ductility. For the proposal, the graphene oxide (GO) nanocharge and pseudoboehmite (PB) were obtained. It is believed that the nanofillers dispersed in the polymer matrix can improve mechanical properties regarding ductility and tenacity, without losing thermal properties. Subsequently, the hybrid nanocharge dispersion methods were employed to obtain in the poly (L-Lactic Acid) (PLA) matrix, forming the material for the desired scaffold. For this research, injectable specimens of pure PLA, PLA structured with GO nanoparticles, and PLA structured with PB nanoparticles, were manufactured. The microstructural and mechanical characterizations were performed on the specimens, to compare the effect generated by the nanocharges on the bulk material. The results showed that the increase in the concentrations of PB and GO nanofillers showed an increase in tenacity and ductility compared to pure PLA, a property that is desired in the scaffold structure.
Assuntos Scopus
Bulk materials , Dispersion methods , Mechanical characterizations , Micro-structural , Poly L lactic acid , Pseudo-boehmite , Scaffold structures , Skin substitutes
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