Synthetic spectra of radio, millimeter, sub-millimeter, and infrared regimes with non-local thermodynamic equilibrium approximation

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Astrophysical Journal
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De La Luz V.
Lara A.
Raulin J.-P.
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We use a numerical code called PAKALMPI to compute synthetic spectra of the solar emission in quiet conditions at millimeter, sub-millimeter, and infrared wavelengths. PAKALMPI solves the radiative transfer equation, with non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE), in a three-dimensional geometry using a multiprocessor environment. The code is able to use three opacity functions: classical bremsstrahlung, H-, and inverse bremsstrahlung. In this work, we have computed and compared two synthetic spectra, one in the common way: using bremsstrahlung opacity function and considering a fully ionized atmosphere; and a new one considering bremsstrahlung, inverse bremsstrahlung, and H- opacity functions in NLTE. We analyzed in detail the local behavior of the low atmospheric emission at 17, 212, and 405GHz (frequencies used by the Nobeyama Radio Heliograph and the Solar Submillimeter Telescope). We found that the H- is the major emission mechanism at low altitudes (below 500km) and that at higher altitudes the classical bremsstrahlung becomes the major mechanism of emission. However, the brightness temperature remains unalterable. Finally, we found that the inverse bremsstrahlung process is not important for radio emission at these heights. © 2011. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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