Navegando Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU) por Autor "Alves, Rogério Novakoski Ferreira"
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- DissertaçãoMudanças nos programas funcionais das residências da elite paulistana do século xviii ao século XXAlves, Rogério Novakoski Ferreira (2015-08-12)
Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU)During the colonial period, the high society citizens of São Paulo used to live in the rural area and eventually went to the city to participate of the social life. In the XVIIII century, the wealthiest families started to construct their two or three store-houses beside the mamelukes’ huts, but these residences though made in rammed earth (taipa de pilão), had differentiated functional programs and architectural patterns. In the second half of the XIX century, with the profitable coffee culture and the implantation of railways in the city and its surroundings, São Paulo developed quickly with big urban, social and architectural changes. The high society became more urban and was more influenced by the European culture. The coffee bourgeoisie and their masonry mansions of the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries were based in the Eclectic movement with new interior designs and European functional programs. In the second quarter of the XX century, the more modern houses were built based on international architectural pattern, with technological advances. This process brought important transformations in the style and in the program of the residences. In conclusion, this work analyses the changes in the functional programs and architectural patterns of the houses of the high society in São Paulo since the colonial period till projects of modernist mansions prior to the “Brazil Builds” exhibition in MoMA (Museum of Modern Art in New York), in 1943.